VCAT has the power to make declarations or an order some environment and natural resources laws. A declaration can determine the meaning or effect of provisions in an act, notice, licence, permit or the like. A declaration or order may also be used to decide whether a decision made by the original decision-making authority is valid.
VCAT can review certain decisions made by the Business Licensing Authority or the Secretary to the Department of Health under the Sex Work Act 1994. VCAT can also conduct inquiries into the conduct of licensed service providers or approved managers.